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News Posts by ☦️Savior on Spilled Blood✝️

Page#    Showing 1 to 5 of 1407 news entries  next>>
Jun 27 (16:25) When Russia Stunned US & UK Naval Forces And Helped India Win The 1971 War (www.google.com)
*logical-reasoning
0 Followers
4369 views

News Entry# 490642  Blog Entry# 5392433   
  Past Edits
This is a new feature showing past edits to this News Post.
As Russia-Ukraine war rages on in eastern Europe, many are questioning why India is largely silent over the Russian invasion of a tiny country.

Looking back in time will give some clues.

On
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August 9, 1971, India signed a 'Peace and Friendship' treaty with the Soviet Union to lay the foundations of a glorious victory in the war for liberation of Bangladesh that took place three months later.

In 1971, as India faced an unacceptable refugee burden, it faced a dire situation. The US and Britain as well as China were on Pakistan's side in the upcoming conflict.

The only course open to India was to bring in the countervailing force of the Soviet Union on its side.

The treaty signed in New Delhi by Sardar Swaran Singh and the redoubtable Andrei Gromyko of the Soviet Union -- the foreign ministers of their respective nations -- ensured that India checkmated possible Anglo-American and Chinese help to Pakistan.

How the Russia helped India win the 1971 war

Task Force 74 was a naval task force that has existed twice. The first Task Force 74 was a mixed Allied force of Royal Navy, Royal Australian Navy, and United States Navy ships which operated against Japanese forces from 1943 to 1945 during the Pacific campaign. The second Task Force 74 was assembled from the US Navy′s Seventh Fleet that was deployed to the Bay of Bengal by the Nixon administration in December 1971, at the height of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.

The Soviet Union, which was actively backing Indian actions both politically and military during the war and likewise deployed two groups of cruisers and destroyers as well as a submarine armed with nuclear warheads in response to the American military presence in the area.

Leonid Brezhnev (right) and Indira Gandhi in Moscow during her 1976 visit to the Soviet Union.

The Indo-Soviet treaty had provided India with cover against any possible Chinese intervention in aid of Pakistan if and when the conflict precipitated. To the Pakistani leadership, it became clear that armed Indian intervention and secession of East Pakistan were becoming inevitable.

Pakistan launches Operation Chengiz Khan

On 3 December, Pakistan launched Operation Chengiz Khan, marking the official initiation of hostilities of the Indo-Pak war of 1971. The Indian response was a defensive military strategy in the western theatre while a massive, coordinated and decisive offensive thrust into the Eastern theatre. On 5 December, United States began attempts for a UN-sponsored ceasefire, which were twice vetoed by the USSR in the security council. 

India extended her recognition of Bangladesh on 6 December.

On 8 December, Washington received intelligence reports that India was planning an offensive into West Pakistan.

It was in this situation that the United States dispatched a ten-ship naval task force, the US Task Force 74, from the Seventh Fleet off South Vietnam into the Bay of Bengal.

The task force was to be headed by USS Enterprise, at the time and still the largest aircraft carrier in the world.

The Enterprise weighing 75,000 tonnes was the largest nuclear-powered carrier in the world with 70 fighter aircraft. India's Navy was led by the 20,000 tonne INS Vikrant with 20 fighter aircrafts.

At the same time, UK dispatched its aircraft carrier HMS Eagle in the Arabian Sea. If went according to the plan, India would be caught in 'pincer' attack. The US in Bay of Bengal, UK in the Arabian Sea, while Pakistan on land, India was caught.

The US and UK hoped that China would also attack India. 

India sends SOS to Moscow

It quietly sent Moscow a request to activate a secret provision of the Indo-Soviet security treaty, under which Russia was bound to defend India in case of any external aggression.

To counter this two-pronged British-American threat, Russia dispatched a nuclear-armed 'Flotilla' from Vladivostok on December 13 under the overall command of Admiral Vladimir Kruglyakov, the Commander of the 10th Operative Battle Group (Pacific Fleet).

Though the Russian fleet comprised a good number of nuclear-armed ships and atomic submarines, their missiles were of limited range (less than 300 km). Hence, to effectively counter the British and American fleets the Russian commanders had to undertake the risk of encircling them to bring them within their target. This they did with military precision.

At this point, the Russians intercepted a communication from the commander of the British carrier battle group, Admiral Dimon Gordon, to the Seventh Fleet commander: “Sir, we are too late. There are the Russian atomic submarines here, and a big collection of battleships.” The British ships fled towards Madagascar while the larger US task force stopped before entering the Bay of Bengal.

The 1971 war is considered to be modern India’s finest hour, in military terms. The quick reaction of the Indian army, navy, and air force; a brass led by the legendary Sam Manekshaw; and ceaseless international lobbying by the political leadership worked well to set up the victory and liberation of Bangladesh.
Jun 02 (01:44) Indian Railways' Punjab Mail completes 110 years in service. 5 points about this iconic train (www.livemint.com)
Commentary/Human Interest
CR/Central
0 Followers
9843 views

News Entry# 487869  Blog Entry# 5364162   
  Past Edits
Jun 02 2022 (01:44)
Train Tag: Punjab Mail/12138 added by ☦️Savior on Spilled Blood✝️/1082113

Jun 02 2022 (01:44)
Train Tag: Punjab Mail/12137 added by ☦️Savior on Spilled Blood✝️/1082113
Indian Railways' historic Punjab Mail takes 32 hrs and 35 minutes to cover the 1,930 km between Mumbai and Firozpur Cantonment with 52 intermediate stops. The train is electric hauled. Though passenger train services were suspended during the Covid-19 lockdown from March 22, 2020, gradually the services were reintroduced as special trains after unlock from 1 May 2020.
However, Punjab Mail special began its journey with LHB coaches from 1 December. The train services started with its regular number from 15 November last year.
Punjab Mail is over 16 years older than the
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more glamorous Frontier Mail. Ballard Pier Mole station was actually a hub for GIPR services. The Punjab Mail, or Punjab Limited as she was then called, finally steamed out on 1st June 1912. To begin with, there were the P & O steamers bringing in the mail, and the Officers of the Raj, along with their wives, on their first posting in Colonial India.
The steamer voyage between Southampton and Bombay lasted thirteen days. As the British officials held combined tickets both for their voyage to Bombay, as well as their inland journey by train to their place of posting, they would, after disembarking, simply board one of the trains bound for either Madras, Calcutta or Delhi.
The Punjab Limited used to run on fixed mail days from Bombay's Ballard Pier Mole station all the way to Peshawar, via the GIP route, covering the distance of 2,496 km in about 47 hrs. The train comprised of six cars: three for passengers, and three for postal goods and mail. The three passenger-carrying cars had a capacity of 96 passengers only.
During the pre-partition period, the Punjab Limited was the fastest train in British India. The Punjab Limited's route ran over GIP track for the large part, and passed through Itarsi, Agra, Delhi and Lahore, before terminating at Peshawar Cantonment. The train started originating and terminating at Bombay VT (now Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus Mumbai) from 1914. The train then loosely came to be known as the Punjab Mail, rather than Punjab Limited, and became a daily service.
Third class cars started appearing on the Punjab Mail by the mid 1930s. In 1914, the GIP route from Bombay to Delhi was some 1,541 km and the train covered it in 29 hrs 30 minutes. In the early 1920s, this transit time was further reduced to 27 hrs 10 minutes. In 1972, the transit time was again pushed up to 29 hrs. In 2011, the Punjab Mail has as many as 55 intermediate stops. The Punjab Mail got an air-conditioned car in 1945.
In 1968, the train was dieselized upto Jhansi, later extended from Jhansi till New Delhi, then by 1976, onwards till Firozpur. In the late 1970/early1980s, WCAM/1 dual current locomotive to run the Punjab Mail on electric traction right upto Bhusaval, with the changeover from DC to AC traction at Igatpuri.
Presently, Punjab Mail has one AC First Class cum AC-2 Tier, Two AC-2 Tier, Six AC-3 Tier, 6 Sleeper Class, one pantry car, 5 general second class coaches and one generator van.
May 31 (23:49) Singer KK passes away after taking ill at Kolkata event (www.google.com)
Other News
ER/Eastern
0 Followers
12387 views

News Entry# 487792  Blog Entry# 5363104   
  Past Edits
This is a new feature showing past edits to this News Post.
Stations:  Kolkata/KOAA  
Singer K K passed away on Tuesday night. The singer fell ill while performing at an event in Kolkata and was brought to the CMRI hospital, where he was declared dead, hospital sources said.🎤🎵🎸🎧💔
May 24 (00:55) Indian Railways to operate two trains with LHB coaches from Mumbai (www.livemint.com)
New Facilities/Technology
CR/Central
0 Followers
23723 views

News Entry# 487109  Blog Entry# 5354948   
  Past Edits
May 24 2022 (00:55)
Station Tag: Guwahati/GHY added by ☦️Savior on Spilled Blood✝️/1082113

May 24 2022 (00:55)
Station Tag: Lokmanya Tilak Terminus/LTT added by ☦️Savior on Spilled Blood✝️/1082113

May 24 2022 (00:55)
Station Tag: Amravati (Terminal)/AMI added by ☦️Savior on Spilled Blood✝️/1082113

May 24 2022 (00:55)
Station Tag: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus/CSMT added by ☦️Savior on Spilled Blood✝️/1082113

May 24 2022 (00:55)
Train Tag: Guwahati - Mumbai LTT Express (Via Katihar)/15646 added by ☦️Savior on Spilled Blood✝️/1082113

May 24 2022 (00:55)
Train Tag: Mumbai LTT - Guwahati Express (Via Katihar)/15645 added by ☦️Savior on Spilled Blood✝️/1082113

May 24 2022 (00:55)
Train Tag: Amravati - Mumbai CSMT SF Express/12112 added by ☦️Savior on Spilled Blood✝️/1082113

May 24 2022 (00:55)
Train Tag: Mumbai CSMT - Amravati SF Express/12111 added by ☦️Savior on Spilled Blood✝️/1082113
Indian Railways' Central Railway(CR) zone has decided to replace two rakes of train no 12111/12112 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus-Amravati- Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus Express with LHB coaches on permanent basis for better safety and passenger experience.
Indian Railways' Central Railway(CR) zone has decided to replace two rakes of train no 12111/12112 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus-Amravati- Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus Express with LHB coaches on permanent basis for better safety and passenger experience.
The train with revised composition of LHB coaches will now run ex CSMT with effect from 15 June and ex Amravati
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with effect from 14 June
The train with revised composition of LHB coaches will now run ex CSMT with effect from 15 June and ex Amravati with effect from 14 June
Revised composition: One First AC cum AC-2 Tier, Two AC-2 Tier, Four AC-3 Tier, 8 Sleeper class, 3 General Second class, General Second Class cum Guard's Brake Van and One Generator Van.
Revised composition: One First AC cum AC-2 Tier, Two AC-2 Tier, Four AC-3 Tier, 8 Sleeper class, 3 General Second class, General Second Class cum Guard's Brake Van and One Generator Van.
Meanwhile, Indian Railways have decided to replace the last rake of Train no 15645/15646 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus - Guwahati Express with LHB coaches on permanent basis for better safety and passenger experience.
Meanwhile, Indian Railways have decided to replace the last rake of Train no 15645/15646 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus - Guwahati Express with LHB coaches on permanent basis for better safety and passenger experience.
The train with revised composition of LHB coaches will now run ex LTT with effect from 25.05.2022 and Ex Guwahati with effect from 22.05.2022.
The train with revised composition of LHB coaches will now run ex LTT with effect from 25.05.2022 and Ex Guwahati with effect from 22.05.2022.
Revised composition: One AC-2 Tier, Five AC-3 Tier, 11 Sleeper class , 4 General Second class including one Guard's Brake Van, one Pantry Car and one generator van.
Revised composition: One AC-2 Tier, Five AC-3 Tier, 11 Sleeper class , 4 General Second class including one Guard's Brake Van, one Pantry Car and one generator van.
May 24 (00:44) Swarajya Chennai Egmore Railway Station To Be Redeveloped As Multi-modal Transport Hub With World-Class Amenities At A Cost Of Rs 760 crores Latest Articles About Swarajya Useful Links Participate Stay Connected (swarajyamag.com)
Commentary/Human Interest
SR/Southern
0 Followers
10880 views

News Entry# 487108  Blog Entry# 5354944   
  Past Edits
May 24 2022 (00:44)
Station Tag: Chennai Egmore/MS added by ☦️Savior on Spilled Blood✝️/1082113
Stations:  Chennai Egmore/MS  
Chennai Egmore, the second-largest terminal of Southern Railway, will house world-class amenities and airport-like features such as separate arrival and departure corridors, bright illumination and hassle-free access to platforms by escalators, lifts and skywalks , as part of Rs 760 crores redevelopment plan
With futuristic world-class amenities promising to meet the requirements of the next 40 years, Chennai Egmore station will be redeveloped at an estimated cost of Rs 760 crores.
To handle the burgeoning passenger traffic, the existing infrastructure and passenger amenities at Chennai Egmore will be revamped, keeping abreast of the
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times. The railhead will serve as a multi-modal transport hub for suburban rail, Metro and MRTS, besides being entirely divyang-friendly.
The station currently handles about 35 mainline trains and 240 suburban trains, and approximately 24,129 passengers daily. The station's total passenger earnings per year during 2020-2021 was Rs 125 cr.
Railway Minister Ashwini Vaishnav, who visited Chennai Egmore during the night hours on Thursday (May 19) and inspected the facilities at the station and reviewed the Master plan of the redevelopment project, said that the station would be redeveloped duly maintaining the heritage and simultaneously revamping its amenities at par with world-class standards.
The Minister discussed in detail the proposed redevelopment plans for Chennai Egmore and the facilitation of inter-modal connectivity.
He said, "Prime Minister has the vision of transforming Indian Railways as he believes that transformation of the Indian Railway will pave the way for transformation of the Indian Economy. Redevelopment of various categories of stations is part of that vision".
He further said the station would become the hub of economic activity post station redevelopment.
Chennai Egmore, the second-largest terminal of Southern Railway, will house world-class amenities and airport-like features such as separate arrival and departure corridors, bright illumination and hassle-free access to platforms by escalators, lifts and skywalks.
The proposed Chennai Egmore Station Redevelopment Project plan includes
Seamless movement of passengers by separate arrival and departure corridors, aesthetically designed stations with facade lighting arrangements, better landscaping efforts,
Dedicated parking lots for streamlined movement of different category vehicles and pedestrians in exclusive lanes.
Efficient water and energy management measures and clear cut division of train operation facilities and passenger amenities.
The Minister stated that five stations - Chennai Egmore, Madurai, Katpadi, Rameswaram and Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu would be redeveloped in the first phase.
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